In 1903, the Wright brothers, Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) announced, by telegram, that they flew with the Flyer, starting from a field with an inclination of about nine degrees, and wind around 40 km/h (24.9 mph). In the following two years, they announced that they were making turns and long flights in closed circuits, but their machine depended on wind conditions or the use of catapult to take off.
The world’s first airplane to perform a complete flight, including take-off, the flight itself, and landing â€“ was Santos-Dumontâ€™s 14-Bis.
On October, 23rd 1906, the 14-Bis takes off and flies 60 m (196.8 ft) at an altitude of 3 m (9.8 ft). Santos-Dumont wins the Archdeacon Cup.
Download the 14 Bis Paper Model.
More history and information inside this document.